HOW AND WHY TO USE THE SITE MIRROR

Often, downloading something from the Internet, you may be faced with the sentence “download from a mirror”. A mirror is a website that duplicates a source that provides the necessary file. Why do such sites exist?

There are several main goals that are achieved when creating a site mirror. One of the primary tasks of such a site may be to increase the security and reliability of the main page and protect it from server failures. Still, creating a site mirror allows you to reduce the load on the site by distributing it across several sources. As a rule, they are hosted on different hostings, this is done so that if the main site fails, it is possible to automatically redirect users to additional ones. In all cases, site duplicates can provide invaluable assistance in its successful existence, in ensuring the quality of services and acting as a reliable insurance. Sites that are very popular among users, attract the attention of people who want to earn money by placing mirrors with teasers or ads on them. Mirror site,

MORE ABOUT SEARCH ENGINE INTERACTION. 

What does the search engine consider the main mirror? When indexing sites, the search engine can find pages in which to some extent there are copies of files hosted on other sites, then these pages are automatically perceived as mirrored, and with full coincidence, the portal is indexed as the main site mirror, that is, completely identical to the source code. Another search engine tracks the redirection of users from one site to another, in this case, this site is also considered a mirror.

A site mirror improves web project reliability.

WHAT IS INTERESTING ABOUT THE USE OF MIRRORS, AND WHAT ARE THE RISKS

The role of the search engine is to filter the same or duplicate content. Due to this, the base is not littered with low-quality and unnecessary information. If the search engine finds several identical sites, then it tracks the source to which they are redirected, and in response to the request it gives it. There is a danger of getting to optimizers, who sell links to mirrors that have a certain number of puzomerov, but this is a complete deception. The fact is that such links do not last long, and after a certain time, the customer loses both the link and the money. It must be admitted that similar sites in the issue occupy low places and are indexed weaker than the main mirror of the site.

To secure yourself when buying a site is not easy, but very simple. The affordable Yandex-Webmaster service can easily help with this. Going to the service, you will see the column “add a new site.” Use it by typing the name of the site. If it is a mirror of another site, then you will see a corresponding notice about it. Any other service available on the network is suitable for such a check.

The search engine may confuse the main mirror of the site and the main site, and swap them in the search query results. Suppose your site is called “selling fish” and it looks like “***. Ru”. It has a mirror that looks like “www. ***. Ru”.

Using the directive “Host”, you can easily select the main site. What does this look like? In the middle of the content located on the site, place the following sample: “Host: …………. Ru”. So you can simply indicate that your site is primary. Such a directive can be prescribed after the entries “Disallow” and “User-Agent”. In the case of the search engine Google, the situation is even easier. If you want to mark your site as the main, then it is easy to do in the Google service. Go to it, select the “Settings” menu, then select the section “Primary Domain”. It is necessary to enter the address of the site that you want to designate. After that, it will be considered the main mirror of the site.

HOW TO TRANSFER A DOMAIN TO ANOTHER REGISTRAR?

The procedure of transferring a domain to another hosting begins with the fact that new values ​​of DNS servers are set in the settings. It will be the help of them that redirects to the new location of the domain.

Domain transfer is required to be carried out by its registrar or a trustee, who has complete information about the domain, but in most cases, the entire complexity of such a procedure is assumed by the new hosting provider. However, there are two options here:

THE FIRST AND EASIEST 

In the contract with the provider, you carefully read all the items and it should indicate that you are the owner of the domain. In this case, the entire procedure for renewal and transfer will be performed by the new provider.

SECOND WAY

The way is ok, and it’s a dead end: in fact, if there is no information about the owner in the contract, then the domain belongs only to the hosting provider, which means that he has the right to independently manage his property.

Transfer domain to another registrar

Now let’s move on to the issue of domain renewal. Everything is quite simple here – a contract is drawn up with the hosting provider, in which the payment for the existence of the domain will be clearly stated and for what period.

In some cases, there is a need to change the domain administrator. Such a procedure is possible, but it is performed only if there is an official appeal from the current administrator to the registrar, as well as a request from the future new administrator with his or her coordinates to change the data for the administrator. If the transfer is made in the international zone, the procedure is possible for execution only if there is a secret EPP-key. This key is issued at the conclusion of the contract with the hosting provider.

To facilitate the transfer of a domain to a new hosting, many providers provide the ability to automatically transfer a domain if there are some required actions, such as specifying DNS servers. In addition, you can perform one of three actions on which the future of the transferred domain depends.

  1. Recreate the new site where the transferred domain will be located. In essence, such a site will be a folder on the disk. For example, if the provider orders the creation of a new site, then a folder with the name of the new domain will be created on its server, where you will need to record all the files.
  2. Priylinkovka domain to an existing site. This option becomes clear from the name: your domain will be attached to an existing site as a subdomain.
  3. Create a domain without linking. This option is characterized by the creation of a subdomain that will not be assigned to any of the existing sites.

Do not forget that the transfer of the domain requires some settings from the hosting provider, which is why the full launch of the domain on the new hosting will be possible after some time. More precisely, the changes are first carried out on the old server, then on the new one, and then the DNS server caches connection paths with end users.

We hope our information will be useful for readers, and they will be able to fully appreciate all the difficulties of performing such a seemingly simple procedure as transferring a domain to a new hosting.

WHAT CAN BLOCK THE SITE IN ANY COUNTRY ?

The choice of hosting, first of all, will depend on the content that you plan to host. Depending on the legislation of a particular country, your site may be banned. However, almost always you can find hosting in the country in which the placement of your content is allowed by law.

Do not forget that you will be responsible for the placement of materials. For example, in Russia it is forbidden to host sites containing pornographic themes on hosting. The same laws apply to the territory of Ukraine.

For such subjects suitable German or Dutch hosting. You place content on the sites of these countries – and you will not have problems with the legislation.

At the same time, in Ukraine, as in a number of other countries, torrent sites are banned. Pay attention to this when choosing a hosting for a torrent tracker.

In Russia, recently, in general, strictly follow the materials posted on the Internet. A special “Unified Register of Banned Sites” has been created, an article has been included in the federal law “On Information, Information Technologies and Information Protection”, which provides for a procedure for pre-trial site closure.

THIS CAN HAPPEN IN SOME CASES:

  1. When posted on the website of child pornography.
  2. In the case of announcements about the involvement of minors in pornographic filming, etc.
  3. The site will be closed if it appears instructions or information on how to make drugs and other psychotropic substances, how to commit suicide.
  4. It is forbidden to post information about persons under the age of 18 who are victims of crime.
  5. It is not allowed to disclose information, the prohibition on the distribution of which imposed by the court.

In addition, many Russian hosting companies do not allow placing sites that are advertised with spam, post file archives, information about investment and financial pyramids (like MMM), distribute pirated software, crack to programs, serial key numbers, or simply violate copyright creators and performers of songs and films. Hosting is not very loyal to the placement of religious sites.

Blocking a site is not the worst thing that can happen to a resource owner.

QUESTIONABLE CONTENT?

Canadian hosting is suitable for hosting the most controversial content.

First, Canada has not joined the DCMA – The Digital Millennium Copyright Act, which takes into account all the latest advances in copying and disseminating information. Instead, the northern neighbor of the United States has its own, softer legislation on this issue.

Secondly, the closure of the resource requires a decision of the Canadian Court, which is not so easy to achieve. In any case, the Russian authorities are usually not up to this.

Adult content, torrent trackers, online cinemas can be placed on Canadian hosting. Illegal will be considered only sites that spread spam, showing hacker activity in all its manifestations, using fraudulent schemes with payment cards and their details.

In any case, choosing a hosting, first of all, decide on the theme of the site. Once again, carefully study the legislation, and then the problems with the distribution of content you will not have.

HOW TO CALCULATE THE AMOUNT OF TRAFFIC FOR YOUR SITE?

There are very favorable hosting rates for site hosting. But sometimes they are intimidated by traffic restrictions. We will understand how to determine whether the site will fit into the established framework.

BANDWIDTH CALCULATION

A simple calculation can tell a lot of interesting things: 
Required traffic = average number of page views x average page weight x average number of visitors per day x number of days per month x reserve. 
The average number of visitors per day is the total number of visitors per month, you need to divide by 30.

  • The average page weight is the average size of a single page file.
  • The average number of page views is the average number of page views per visitor.
  • Reserve is a safety factor that varies between 1.3-1.8.

We arrange the numbers, and get a rough estimate of the bandwidth that is required for your site.

CALCULATION OF THE BANDWIDTH OF THE SITE FROM WHICH YOU CAN DOWNLOAD A FILE

The calculation is carried out in a similar way, only need to identify additional channels for download. Site bandwidth and downloads are easily calculated using the formula: 
Required traffic = [(Average number of page views x average page weight x average number of visitors per day) + (average number of downloads per day x average file size)] x number of days per month x reserve . 
The average number of visitors per day is the total number of visitors per month should be divided by 30

  • The average page weight is the average size of a single page file.
  • The average number of page views is the average number of page views per visitor.
  • The average file size is the total size of the site files divided by the number.
  • Reserve is a safety factor that varies between 1.3 – 1.8.

EXCESS BANDWIDTH

Now you understand that there is a certain margin of safety, ranging from 30% to 80%, which is used in the calculation of throughput. The reason for this is that the bandwidth reserve is crucial, if necessary to withstand sudden spikes in traffic.

That is, the higher the backup rate, the more stable the server. So, it can cope with an unexpected jump in traffic that can erase all the differences between a successful and unsuccessful advertising campaign site.

For example, your article was on the first page of Google for the search query “iphone” – and the server does not cope with a sharp increase in traffic. That is how a good advertising campaign suddenly ended very badly.

The amount of traffic for the site is quite simple to calculate

HOW TO DETERMINE IF A SITE NEEDS MORE BANDWIDTH?

As a rule, if the site is constantly busy and slow, this is the first sign that a higher bandwidth is required.

The probability that the provider simply does not have enough bandwidth reserve capacity is also not excluded. To solve this problem, it is necessary to increase the bandwidth, or switch to a dedicated server, since there is no need to share the bandwidth of the site with other hosting clients.

In addition, you can use file hosting services, which not only allows you to save an impressive margin of site bandwidth, but also make a profit for downloading your files.

CONCLUSION

When choosing a suitable hosting plan, you should, in addition to the amount of bandwidth, pay particular attention to some details.

The frequency of the processor, the number of databases, RAM – this is just a partial list. In fact, without quality resources on these parameters – unlimited bandwidth loses its meaning.