No one doubts that the download speed of the site is extremely important to work with it: according to statistics, 30% of users close the site when they cannot wait for the download to finish. Although 50% of users are quite calm about this procedure, but in the future they try not to return to the services of the “inhibited” site, no one wants to make a forced pause during the work process.
So, as research shows, if a site loads for more than four seconds, it automatically ceases to be interesting and sought after by users.
THE FIRST STEPS
Here is a small list of utilities that have been specifically designed for this purpose. You can try each of them, choose the most convenient and regularly conduct their own measurements of speed.
Page Speed Insights – this resource is unique, because in fact, it not only provides results on the mobility of the site, but also offers many recommendations and tips. This program will be useful for both beginners and professional users, and beginners will appreciate the simplified interface, and experienced users – the amount of information analyzed and a variety of tips that can be applied to themselves in connection with understanding the essence of the matter.
YSlow , a Mozilla Firefox browser extension, is also not far behind in the number of advisory tips. Here you will enjoy a phased solution to improve the speed of the site.
Pingdom – the program is not simple and more suitable for experienced users who have not once experienced problems checking the site. Here you are given the result not only about the speed of loading the site, but also information about ping and accessibility of the site as a whole. The information is voluminous and valuable, but only experienced specialists can understand it.
Naturally, to explain the principle of operation of each program is quite difficult. But in general terms, to understand the course of work is quite possible.
You enter the address of your own site, in a few seconds you get the result. According to the data shown, you will see several parameters:
how much faster your site than other sites;
how much the site is “weighted” by social networks and pictures;
how many scripts that affect download speed.
Given these results, you can “clean” the pages, change something in the interface of the site and, thus, you can add yourself a few percent of speed (or several tens of percent).
Instant response to the request – this is what the user expects when searching for the necessary information. And if you are a reasonable site owner, you will be attentive to the speed of loading the site. Good luck and thankful users!
In a series of other options that you need to choose to determine the type of hosting used, you need to answer the question: “Which is better: reseller rate or buy virtual hosting?”. And although there are many advisers on the Internet who will argue that it is better to use the reseller rate, since it helps to save money, these statements are not entirely true.
In this article we will try to prove that the use of virtual hosting is the best idea for your website if your main goal is to develop your Internet resource, and not to generate income on the provision of virtual hosting services.
The main difference between these two types of accounts is the fact that virtual hosting gives you some of the server resources for building the site, and the reseller rate is for resale to others. The hoster will take care of the servers and almost completely control all the processes, giving you limited powers, making you an intermediary in business.
The first thing to take into account when comparing tariff plans, which are the subject of this article, is simply to buy virtual hosting, and it ceases to be so only when you get a dedicated server. Although supporters of reseller rates claim that one of the advantages is the use of server resources alone, they are far from the truth. You will share server resources with a smaller number of neighbors, this is often the case, but still you will not be able to use it alone, as there will be no dedicated server.
Another misconception about reseller fees is to say that you will only receive money for reselling server resources. In fact, in addition to receiving money, you will also have to work, since the support of your customers will fall on your shoulders, which is a very troublesome business.
Another false statement that can be found on the Internet is that you cannot use several domains at once on a virtual hosting. Although there are hosters that limit their customers to only one domain, but you can easily find other offers that allow you to connect multiple domains without a reseller tariff.
In conclusion, I will say that despite the attractiveness of the idea of getting money using a reseller rate, you should use virtual hosting. Reseller tariffs are an excellent starting point if you plan to create your own hosting business. But if you just own the site and think about the development of your resource, then you should move along the chain of services virtual hosting -> dedicated server, because only it will ultimately create conditions for the sole possession of your project by all server resources.
The time to wait for a response from the server is a certain period of time spent on passing the information packet that you sent using the browser to the server and back. The delay depends on the connection speed and the full load of all channels over the entire distance from the client to the server.
With the help of a normal stopwatch, it is impossible to measure the response time of the server, this requires specially designed services.
SERVICES DETERMINING SERVER RESPONSE TIME
There are at least a couple dozen of similar services offering such services in the global network. The most convenient and popular:
Host-tracker.com server monitoring service
Checking response tool Yandex server. Webmaster
Traditionally, along with the BOC dimension, a report is generated on whether the site is accessible or not. In that case, if not, then its downtime is formed.
WAYS TO CHECK SERVER RESPONSE TIME
Depending on the method chosen for checking the response time of the server, the following is dispensed:
HEAD check. With this type of verification, you can find out general information about the availability and waiting time for a response from a selected site. Only the response headers are monitored. The entire text of the answer will not be transmitted, so the VOS will be slightly less than with other methods.
GET method check. This type of HTTP connection is used in many cases of queries. When checking with this method, you can optionally specify keywords to search for in a particular document. Compliance of such a document with the specified request contributes not only to the statement that the site is available, but also works quite correctly.
POST checking. The most complex type of HTTP connection, used mainly for some changes of information on a particular server. This type of connection is also characterized by the majority of sites, the state of which directly depends on the data transmitted by the user. During the verification process, the user is authenticated, submits forms, etc.
The corrected average response time of the server differs from the average time by the fact that it does not take into account random measurements of emissions. Consider it this way: from 4 hours to midnight, about 120 measurements are taken for a single server. During 1 hour 6 measurements are taken. When calculating the corrected average for 24 hours, only 5 are used from the six measurements – the largest are excluded. This means that the corrected average is considered not for 120 measurements, but only for 100.
The average response time of the server is considered as the arithmetic average of the measurements taken in one day. Rejection measurements when calculating the average time is not carried out.
The maximum response time of the server is the maximum response time obtained by the measurement system during the day. This response time from the server by the calculation system is 75 seconds. But there are also small delays in the system, which can lead to the fact that this time may be increased in the report.
The minimum response time is the minimum time period for a server to respond to a system request per day. A short time can mean both good server activity and fast denial of service.
The standard deviation in relation to the corrected average is calculated from the same value as the corrected average response time. With the help of this deviation it is possible to assess the degree of stability of the server activity, or rather, all the rules under which the requests are executed. Stable can be not only reliable operation in the service requests, but also stable fast or slow service failures.
In order for the acquired domain to work, it must be properly linked to the hosting on which your site is located. Consider how to do it correctly.
To begin with, the domain binding process is rather slow and can take up to 70 hours. What to do if you can not wait? If you need to quickly begin to move and customize your own website? Or if you need to first try to set up the site optimally and after binding the domain. This is where the special hosts file comes to the rescue. If we speak in a simple language, the binding of the domain to the IP address is compulsorily prescribed in the .hosts file, and when the actual domain is registered, it no longer matters what its server is. For a particular computer, it will almost always lead to the specified ip address specified in a special file – .hosts.
BINDING DOMAIN TO HOSTING – USING SPECIAL SETTINGS FOR DNS SERVERS
Popular DNS servers are information channels that are responsible for the high-quality and reliable connection between the domain name and the host. If special DNS servers are not competently configured, then when directly typing a domain name with any prefix in the address bar of any web browser, the Internet site with this domain will not load, because the domain is not actually tied to hosting. Binding your domain to the server is an important and responsible process, but affordable. Let’s look at a couple of options for this binding.
HOW TO BIND A DOMAIN TO A HOSTING
After purchasing the hosting, they send you a special letter with various passwords and ftp-access, logins, addresses to enter the control panel, etc. Also in this letter there is a Secondary Name Server and Primary Name Server for the purchased hosting. These NS settings should be specified during domain registration.
After you need to add a domain in the hosting control panel and specify – NS. After this procedure, during the day, the DNS will change and, having entered a new domain, you will be taken to the hosting folder where all data on the site is stored.
If you do not have a special interface for hosting management, or you do not know where to add what and where, write a letter to the hosting support indicating this problem.
Currently, a huge number of registrars provide non-core hosting services, and providers, in addition to hosting services, provide the ability to register a new domain and information on how to link a domain to a hosting service. One of the main advantages of these services is the linking in the automatic mode of hosting to the domain. For example: when acquiring a hosting service, you register a completely new domain name in the same place and during registration manually indicate where the domain will be (parked) on this hosting. As a result of these actions, you do not have to configure the DNS yourself.
HOW TO BIND A DOMAIN TO A SITE IF THE HOSTING AND DOMAIN IN DIFFERENT PLACES?
If you purchased and registered a domain name from one registrar, and hosting services from a hoster, you need to perform several steps in order to link the hosting to a domain:
In your account, you need to go to the section – domain parking or setting and register the domain name (purchased) in the indicated column. As a rule, when entering it, the prefixes (www and http: //) are not applied.
After passing through the corresponding registration of the hosting, you should have been sent a letter to the indicated address with the indication of the DNS servers, they look like this – alpha.1-hoster.ru, if they didn’t appear in the letter, then you can contact their technical support provider.
Often, downloading something from the Internet, you may be faced with the sentence “download from a mirror”. A mirror is a website that duplicates a source that provides the necessary file. Why do such sites exist?
There are several main goals that are achieved when creating a site mirror. One of the primary tasks of such a site may be to increase the security and reliability of the main page and protect it from server failures. Still, creating a site mirror allows you to reduce the load on the site by distributing it across several sources. As a rule, they are hosted on different hostings, this is done so that if the main site fails, it is possible to automatically redirect users to additional ones. In all cases, site duplicates can provide invaluable assistance in its successful existence, in ensuring the quality of services and acting as a reliable insurance. Sites that are very popular among users, attract the attention of people who want to earn money by placing mirrors with teasers or ads on them. Mirror site,
MORE ABOUT SEARCH ENGINE INTERACTION.
What does the search engine consider the main mirror? When indexing sites, the search engine can find pages in which to some extent there are copies of files hosted on other sites, then these pages are automatically perceived as mirrored, and with full coincidence, the portal is indexed as the main site mirror, that is, completely identical to the source code. Another search engine tracks the redirection of users from one site to another, in this case, this site is also considered a mirror.
WHAT IS INTERESTING ABOUT THE USE OF MIRRORS, AND WHAT ARE THE RISKS
The role of the search engine is to filter the same or duplicate content. Due to this, the base is not littered with low-quality and unnecessary information. If the search engine finds several identical sites, then it tracks the source to which they are redirected, and in response to the request it gives it. There is a danger of getting to optimizers, who sell links to mirrors that have a certain number of puzomerov, but this is a complete deception. The fact is that such links do not last long, and after a certain time, the customer loses both the link and the money. It must be admitted that similar sites in the issue occupy low places and are indexed weaker than the main mirror of the site.
To secure yourself when buying a site is not easy, but very simple. The affordable Yandex-Webmaster service can easily help with this. Going to the service, you will see the column “add a new site.” Use it by typing the name of the site. If it is a mirror of another site, then you will see a corresponding notice about it. Any other service available on the network is suitable for such a check.
The search engine may confuse the main mirror of the site and the main site, and swap them in the search query results. Suppose your site is called “selling fish” and it looks like “***. Ru”. It has a mirror that looks like “www. ***. Ru”.
Using the directive “Host”, you can easily select the main site. What does this look like? In the middle of the content located on the site, place the following sample: “Host: …………. Ru”. So you can simply indicate that your site is primary. Such a directive can be prescribed after the entries “Disallow” and “User-Agent”. In the case of the search engine Google, the situation is even easier. If you want to mark your site as the main, then it is easy to do in the Google service. Go to it, select the “Settings” menu, then select the section “Primary Domain”. It is necessary to enter the address of the site that you want to designate. After that, it will be considered the main mirror of the site.
Site availability is an important indicator of its effectiveness. Site availability is one of the most important indicators that affect its traffic.
Unfortunately, not always the data provided by hosting companies can be trusted. Hosting companies may distort information about the operation of your resource. We recommend to independently monitor the availability of the site through third-party services.
There are several site monitoring services that can help control their availability for free.
THE MOST POPULAR WEB SITE MONITORING SERVICES
Pingdom.com . This is one of the most popular services for monitoring accessibility of sites, free. Visually, the work of Pingdom looks simple. The application label that hangs in the tray indicates in color the operation of your resource (green – when working, red – if it is not working). Through the shortcut, you can view detailed reports on the operation of your resource directly on the pingdom.com service. You can specify no more than one address for SMS error notifications (20 messages limit).
Yandex.Metrica . This service also has the ability to check the availability of sites. Control over the attendance of your resource is carried out continuously. Finding sharp jumps in attendance, Yandex.Metrica checks the main page for work. You can configure sending SMS or email notifications.
Host-Tracker.com . This service for monitoring the availability of sites, among other methods, uses CGI script checking, the presence of specific words on a page, data on its work from different parts of the world, additional HTTP methods. It is possible to continuously monitor 2 addresses with an availability check every half hour. Notifications via SMS or email.
Uptimerobot.com service checks the availability of sites with an interval of 5 minutes. This service provides substantial real assistance in promoting with the help of search engines. From one registered account you can control up to 50 sites. If your site does not work, the program will send a message about this via SMS notification, E-mail or RSS.
Siteuptime.com . Here you can check for free only one resource. Monitoring of site availability is performed from several points, measuring the resource recall time. Through the email at the end of the month comes the report. The service monitors every 30 minutes and an hour, supporting the following protocols: HTTP, POP3, FTP, SMTP, Content, SSL, TCP, HTTP Password Protection, DNS, Ping.
AreMySitesUp.com . Supports checking 5 resources up to 25 times a day, reporting problems without restrictions in SMS messages or via email.
9 Montastic.com . Simple and effective verification of up to one hundred addresses from two points. View every 5 min. There is an opportunity to notify about failures via RSS.
Summing up, we note that it is the constant work of the resource that affects the efficiency of its work. Therefore, it is very important to be informed in time in case of failures or inactivity of the Internet resource. Detect and fix as soon as possible.
For a small business that is interested in contacts with advanced clients in the field of web technologies, an attractive and intelligent website will be a vital factor. But, before launching your e-child, you need to choose the right solution for organizing a web hosting service for your business. Depending on the requests, which hosting should be chosen for the site based on the list, which consists of four options: dedicated server, virtual dedicated server, virtual hosting and cloud hosting.
If you have special requirements for hardware and software, or just want to get exclusive control over the server on which your site will run, then a dedicated server for you. You can configure the system with any operating system and security level without restrictions imposed by co-location with other web projects.
Of course, any exclusivity has an appropriate price: a dedicated server is the most expensive solution, and it can be outside your budget if your project is on the start line. You will have to pay for equipment rental in addition to bandwidth. Also, the use of a dedicated server requires a higher qualification of your staff, since you are left alone with any tasks that arise during the operation of software and hardware (this includes updates and scheduled maintenance). In addition, if your server “falls”, the site will be unavailable until you restore the server and the file structure on it. Therefore, you decide which hosting to choose for the site.
Think what hosting is better to choose? Shared hosting is the most popular solution for organizing a website today, and also the cheapest. When you buy virtual hosting, your website shares server space with other projects. You can choose from a variety of tariff plans, which are ranked according to your needs and financial resources. For example, HostGator offers three options ranging from “Hatchling” (which costs about $ 4 per month and offers support for a single domain with unlimited bandwidth, as well as tools for building a website and an unlimited number of e-mail addresses) and ending with the “Business” plan costs three times more for an unlimited number of domains).
Just as with a dedicated server, you will have control over the content of the site, but since you will be just one of several clients using the same hardware, you will not have to worry about upgrading and maintaining the server and programs. Virtual hosting means that all server resources will be used simultaneously by several clients. If another site on the server where your project is located starts to consume a lot of traffic, then all other sites will work in conditions of insufficient resources for their tasks (that is, they will slow down or stop completely if the server does not cope with the load).
That is, shared hosting is suitable for those companies that have a small budget or are at the beginning of their glorious way in the web space. Shared hosting is similar to renting an apartment, rather than owning your own home. You will pay significantly less, and you will not have to worry about the maintenance of equipment in order, and changing the service provider will be much easier, but you will not be able to control your neighbors in the server, so carefully decide which hosting to choose for the site.
VIRTUAL DEDICATED SERVER
If your site consumes substantial traffic, and you want to manage all aspects of your server configuration, but are not ready to spend substantial funds on hosting, then a virtual dedicated server can be an excellent solution for you and the answer to the question of which hosting is better to choose.
Forwarding a bridge between a dedicated server and virtual hosting, a virtual dedicated server offers a fully customizable server at a relatively low price through the use of a virtual machine (VM) that works in conjunction with other similar programs on one powerful system. Your project will share disk space, but each virtual machine runs in its own isolated memory section and receives a well-defined part of the system resources. Your “server” will be protected from “drops” and excessive consumption of resources by other virtual machines. You can use any operating system and software. In addition, since everything is software emulation, your server can be cloned in the process, which means the virtual “immortality” of your server.
Since no hardware rent is made, a virtual dedicated server costs about $ 20 per month. In addition, it is easy to change the server configuration if your project does not have enough resources.
In recent times, the media has been actively discussing the topic of “cloud service” – an ephemeral and ubiquitous place in electronic space that can be used to store music, video, backup copies of files. Thanks to advances in information technology, websites can now be placed in this space. The term may seem vague, but what we call the “cloud” is a decentralized network of computers that work in concert to process, store and maintain information.
Hosted service in the “cloud” is combined with the other three popular services. Since everything is fully virtualized, there is no hardware fee, and, as in the case of virtual dedicated servers, backing up, cloning, moving or deleting content is done on the fly completely unnoticed by your customers. Pricing is very flexible. You can pay only for the lifetime of the server and only for what is actually used.
But do not rely on technology. Just like a virtual dedicated server, the cloud service is limited by the system capabilities. Decentralization can provide protection against system failures, but does not guarantee it. If a series of bounces arise in the cloud system, they can develop into a cascading effect that will bring down all the hosts (the Amazon monster who adores cloud technology, faced this situation in the summer of 2012). Rapid cloning and configuration in the cloud is a definite plus, but folding everything into one basket means a high degree of confidence in the reliability of this basket. We will also have to trust the one who holds the basket.
Still thinking. which hosting is better to choose for the site? Choose a hosting that is right for you in all its parameters.
The procedure of transferring a domain to another hosting begins with the fact that new values of DNS servers are set in the settings. It will be the help of them that redirects to the new location of the domain.
Domain transfer is required to be carried out by its registrar or a trustee, who has complete information about the domain, but in most cases, the entire complexity of such a procedure is assumed by the new hosting provider. However, there are two options here:
THE FIRST AND EASIEST
In the contract with the provider, you carefully read all the items and it should indicate that you are the owner of the domain. In this case, the entire procedure for renewal and transfer will be performed by the new provider.
The way is ok, and it’s a dead end: in fact, if there is no information about the owner in the contract, then the domain belongs only to the hosting provider, which means that he has the right to independently manage his property.
Now let’s move on to the issue of domain renewal. Everything is quite simple here – a contract is drawn up with the hosting provider, in which the payment for the existence of the domain will be clearly stated and for what period.
In some cases, there is a need to change the domain administrator. Such a procedure is possible, but it is performed only if there is an official appeal from the current administrator to the registrar, as well as a request from the future new administrator with his or her coordinates to change the data for the administrator. If the transfer is made in the international zone, the procedure is possible for execution only if there is a secret EPP-key. This key is issued at the conclusion of the contract with the hosting provider.
To facilitate the transfer of a domain to a new hosting, many providers provide the ability to automatically transfer a domain if there are some required actions, such as specifying DNS servers. In addition, you can perform one of three actions on which the future of the transferred domain depends.
Recreate the new site where the transferred domain will be located. In essence, such a site will be a folder on the disk. For example, if the provider orders the creation of a new site, then a folder with the name of the new domain will be created on its server, where you will need to record all the files.
Priylinkovka domain to an existing site. This option becomes clear from the name: your domain will be attached to an existing site as a subdomain.
Create a domain without linking. This option is characterized by the creation of a subdomain that will not be assigned to any of the existing sites.
Do not forget that the transfer of the domain requires some settings from the hosting provider, which is why the full launch of the domain on the new hosting will be possible after some time. More precisely, the changes are first carried out on the old server, then on the new one, and then the DNS server caches connection paths with end users.
We hope our information will be useful for readers, and they will be able to fully appreciate all the difficulties of performing such a seemingly simple procedure as transferring a domain to a new hosting.
The choice of hosting, first of all, will depend on the content that you plan to host. Depending on the legislation of a particular country, your site may be banned. However, almost always you can find hosting in the country in which the placement of your content is allowed by law.
Do not forget that you will be responsible for the placement of materials. For example, in Russia it is forbidden to host sites containing pornographic themes on hosting. The same laws apply to the territory of Ukraine.
For such subjects suitable German or Dutch hosting. You place content on the sites of these countries – and you will not have problems with the legislation.
At the same time, in Ukraine, as in a number of other countries, torrent sites are banned. Pay attention to this when choosing a hosting for a torrent tracker.
In Russia, recently, in general, strictly follow the materials posted on the Internet. A special “Unified Register of Banned Sites” has been created, an article has been included in the federal law “On Information, Information Technologies and Information Protection”, which provides for a procedure for pre-trial site closure.
THIS CAN HAPPEN IN SOME CASES:
When posted on the website of child pornography.
In the case of announcements about the involvement of minors in pornographic filming, etc.
The site will be closed if it appears instructions or information on how to make drugs and other psychotropic substances, how to commit suicide.
It is forbidden to post information about persons under the age of 18 who are victims of crime.
It is not allowed to disclose information, the prohibition on the distribution of which imposed by the court.
In addition, many Russian hosting companies do not allow placing sites that are advertised with spam, post file archives, information about investment and financial pyramids (like MMM), distribute pirated software, crack to programs, serial key numbers, or simply violate copyright creators and performers of songs and films. Hosting is not very loyal to the placement of religious sites.
Canadian hosting is suitable for hosting the most controversial content.
First, Canada has not joined the DCMA – The Digital Millennium Copyright Act, which takes into account all the latest advances in copying and disseminating information. Instead, the northern neighbor of the United States has its own, softer legislation on this issue.
Secondly, the closure of the resource requires a decision of the Canadian Court, which is not so easy to achieve. In any case, the Russian authorities are usually not up to this.
Adult content, torrent trackers, online cinemas can be placed on Canadian hosting. Illegal will be considered only sites that spread spam, showing hacker activity in all its manifestations, using fraudulent schemes with payment cards and their details.
In any case, choosing a hosting, first of all, decide on the theme of the site. Once again, carefully study the legislation, and then the problems with the distribution of content you will not have.
It will not be enough just to invent a domain name and register it in a certain place. It is important to make it so that this name is unique, as well as everything that is on the domain. In this case, a careful study of the status of domains that are already working in one direction or another can help .
It can be said that for domains, status is one of the most important characteristics. In addition, status becomes a required field for each WhoIs server . In total, there are currently nine types of statuses. Three of them are designed for remote domains, six more – for those that are already active. It is necessary at least approximately to imagine that in its essence each of the statuses represents. For example, when registering, each new domain gets its status under the name Active.. By default, it is set by the registry. It should not be confused with the registrar, the registry is a separate organization responsible for a specific zone. Although sometimes the registrars get the right to change to the domain. Regarding these statuses there is additional information, but it is more likely to be technical. And interesting only to specialists.
The next status – Registry – Lock . Initially, a domain cannot be assigned to this status, it is only transferred to this state from another. The presence of this status means that the registrar itself cannot be changed by the registrar, or deleted. The registry must remove the status so that the specialist has access to the changes.
Check the status of the domain is necessary. The worst option is the Registry Hold state . Only the registry can get rid of this status, its only advantage is the ability to update. Registrars themselves can assign domains a status called Registrar Hold . In this case, only the one who registered the domain is responsible for the filling of the domain, and is its owner. Like many other options, this one can be updated if necessary.
The registrar is assigned a status called Registrar Lock . This is also one of the statuses when checking, which allows the domain owner to secure only the right to use and change the resource depending on their current needs. It is better to use such statuses to those who have already established the work of their system and can be fully responsible for it.
THERE ARE A NUMBER OF ADDITIONAL STATUSES.
OK – UNTIL or OK . Usually such statuses just mean that the domain was registered and started its work.
You can also find the names Hold – Since , Frozen or just Hold . Such statuses usually mean that it is necessary to extend the registration period, which has been suspended. Only domains of international level can work with such status. Typically, this status can be maintained for a maximum of 45 days. It depends on the characteristics of the zone in which the person is currently working.
If the renewal term has expired for domains operating in international zones, then they are given the status Redemption Period . If you do not extend the term of the domain, then after a while it can be removed. To extend the relevant deadlines, you must submit special applications to your registrar. In this case, the cost of renewal may exceed the cost of acquiring the domain itself.
ClientTransferProhibited – one of the domains that prohibits the transfer of a domain to another registrar. Such a position is usually obtained by the domains, for sixty days after their registration has been completed. This option is exhibited according to international rules that apply in many countries.